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Shimla Tourism Information – Travel Guide
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Altitude: 2050 Meters
Tourist Places in Shimla: Kali Bari Temple, Jakhoo Temples, State Museum, Prospect Hill, Vice Regal Lodge, Sankat Mochan Temple, The Mall & The Ridge
Best Time To Visit: May to October
Get Shimla tourism information here along with its tourist places and travel guide services.
Shimla is the capital of Himachal Pradesh and it is known as Dev Bhoomi – means “Land of Gods”.
Shimla was the summer capital of British India. Considered to be the Queen of the hills and it is famous and popular hill tourist destination of India.
History of Shimla started from Stately Windsor Castle where the “Widow of Windsor” reigned in lonely, isolated splendour after the death of her beloved consort, Prince Albert.
In the year 1818, when Queen Victoria’s uncle, William IV, was King of England, Lord William Bentick, the Governor General, had transformed the Company’s dominion in India to the Dominion of India, and it was accurate to speak of Britain’s Indian Empire.
The frontier ran from bengal to Kathiawar, to the north it ran through the Thar desert and along the Sutlej nearly to the Himalayan range. The great hills were the northern boundary except for the Gurkha state of Nepal. Beyond this line lay the Punjab, Kashmir and the kingdom of Afghanistan.
In 1814, the Nepalese king brought about the first war with Nepal over Sikkim, the Gurkhas had marched into Sikkim, whose ruler appealed, to the East India Company for help.
The Sikkim ruler was installed and his territorial status was guaranteed but during the conflict the British discovered the beauties of Darjeeling and accidentally. Also the thickly wooded spot, abode of the goddess Shamla, and a part of the Kingdom of Nepal.
When war broke afresh in 1819, the British took the place with its cool and healthy climate.
The climate in Shimla is predominantly cold during winters, and moderately warm during summers. The temperatures range from 3.95 °C (39.11 °F) to 32.95 °C (91.31 °F) over the year. The average temperature during summer is between 14 °C and 20 °C, and between -7 °C and 10 °C in winter.
Monthly precipitation varies between 24 mm in November to 415 mm in July. It is typically around 45 mm per month during winter and spring and around 115 mm in June as the monsoon approaches.
The average total annual precipitation is 1520 mm (62 inches). Snowfall in the region, which usually took place in the month of December has lately (over the last fifteen years) been happening in January or early February every year.
APPROACH: Shimla is well-connected by road, rail and air
Road: The National Highway NH-22 connects Shimla to the nearest big city of Chandigarh.
Rail: The scenic Kalka to Shimla Railway, a narrow gauge track is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records for the steepest rise in altitude in a distance of 96 km.
Kalka, the plains rail terminus, has daily departures to major Indian cities.
Air: Flights from the airport at Jubbarhatti (12 km away) connect Shimla to Delhi.